At least once in our life we all noticed that after a working day at the monitor, the eyes feel extremely uncomfortable. There is itching, burning, eyes turn red, and you constantly want to close them because of the fatigue. All such feelings are obvious symptoms of the disease called “dry eye syndrome“, and, if not to pay attention to them initially, it can subsequently cause a lot of troubles. The computer is not the only cause that leads to the development of this syndrome. Dry air conditioning, dust on the street and even unbalanced food, leading to the lack of vitamins in the body, influences the condition of the eye. If, taken separately, all these factors may not provoke the development of dry eyes, then, acting together they act in the most unfavorable way.
The constant radiation of computer monitors is fraught not only with dry eye syndrome. Those who spend more than 8 hours a day working with the computer have more chances of becoming a victim of blepharitis, the inflammatory diseases of the eyelids. Symptoms: first you feel the itching and constant eye fatigue, then the eyelids turn red and swell, later on, along the ciliary edge, small scales similar to dandruff may appear.
Blepharitis not only causes a lot of unpleasant sensations, but also negatively affects the external attractiveness. Even the best eye makeup does not save the situation, especially since it is not recommended to apply make up on the eyes if you suffer from this disease.
Reduce of visual acuity is another very common problem, which, according to experts, can be experienced by each of us. The main problem of our eyes perception of information from the monitor is that the image consists of a number of individual points, constantly flickering. Meanwhile, human vision is poorly adapted to the perception of such pictures and texts. If continuous lines on paper we read “easily”, then, in order to recognize the information from the monitor, our eyes need to spend much more effort. As a result of constant excessive tension, functional malfunctions occur and, as a result, vision begins to decrease gradually.
All the indicated problems have a solution. The main thing is not to let them go the way they are. Ophthalmologists have developed a lot of recommendations, which allow avoiding both dry eye syndrome, visual acuity reduction, and blepharitis.
Normally, you should work with a computer no more than 4-5 hours a day, but in modern conditions it is not always possible. In this case, try to make at least 10-minute breaks every hour of work. If possible, go out into the fresh air or at least just look out the window. Blink for 20-30 seconds, paint the figures in the air with the “eight”, leaving the head still. These simple exercises will help you feel better. On an extreme occasion, you should have artificial tear drops on hand – they do not cure dry eye syndrome, but effectively relieve fatigue and redness of the eyes.
What you eat is reflected not only on the body, but also on the eyes. To prevent diseases of the eyelids and deterioration of vision, you need to enrich your diet with products with vitamins A, B2, E, C. Useful cottage cheese containing calcium, lean meat and fish, blueberries and other fresh berries. In the cold season, when avitaminosis becomes a habit, drink special vitamin and mineral complexes – they will help to stay in shape even during the harshest winter.
According to statistics, women are more likely to suffer from eyelid diseases than men, and this is due solely to hygienic issues. When applying make-up you inevitably come into contact with eyelids and eyelashes, so that if there are bacteria on your fingers or cosmetic brushes, the risk of infection of the tender area around the eyes increases. To avoid this, do not forget to wash all brushes and sponges with warm water and soap at least once a week. Do not touch the eyes with your hands without necessity; do not use other people’s shadows or mascara. In addition, experts recommend daily hygiene of the eyelids – to do light massage and apply blepharogels. In the evenings you should not forget about warm compresses with self-prepared herbal decoctions (chamomile, gamma-mielis, etc.). All such procedures will take you from no more than 10 minutes. In addition, the benefit will be invaluable.
When you can cope with the disease on your own, and when you need to attend the ophthalmologist?
In general, the visit to a specialist does not hurt in any way. However, if burning in the eye area and redness only occur from time to time, and even after many hours at the monitor, you can do it on your own. Learn all the above recommendations by heart and try to strictly observe them, paying special attention to the hygiene of the eyelids.
In the same cases, when the eyelids constantly look swollen, reddened, itching does not go away or vision slowly but surely decreases, it is necessary to go to an ophthalmologist’s reception, and the sooner you do it, the better.
The most important thing is to save the vision from the school years of the child.
Experts do not recommend giving the child to school before he is 7 years old: the ciliary muscle responsible for vision is still not completely formed at this time (this happens only at 7-8 years).
The total duration of home lessons should not exceed 1 hour per day for elementary school kids and 1.5-2 hours for middle school pupils. You should also be more careful with additional lessons: if a child struggles with the school curriculum, it is better to refuse from them. However, if the baby can withstand the stress and wants to attend the music school, for example, remember that according to the sanitary and epidemiological requirements, the duration of one additional lesson in the school days should not exceed 1.5 hours, on weekends and holidays – 3 hours. Classes should start not earlier than 8 am, and finish – no later than 8 pm.
The organization of the workplace is of great importance. Try to clean windows regularly, because their dustiness leads to a decrease in the illumination in the room to 40%.
Artificial lighting should be bright enough, but not beating into the eyes. When reading or other visual stresses, you cannot use only the top light without a table lamp and, conversely, light one lamp without the main light source. The table lamp should be with an opaque lampshade and located on the left. For lefties, it is necessary to put the lamp on the right side. The optimal distance when reading and writing is 35-40 cm from the eyes, measure it and show the child how he should sit.
Often fatigue of the eye arises from the banal lack of sleep. The lack of night sleep among schoolchildren is a common problem. Some rest in the daytime after school can be a good solution. However, it is better for the child to go to bed no later than 22.00 and sleep for 9.5-10 hours. Try to adhere to a clear schedule, alternating various activities: wakefulness and relaxation, sports activities and walks, classes and games. A slender schedule will contribute to well-being, strengthening of the nervous and visual system. It is not necessary to consider a rest as watching TV or playing a game on the computer. All this significantly increases the tension on the eyes.
As you see, you should take care of your eyes from childhood, in order to avoid problems in future.
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