Women aged 35 are more likely to have children with Down Syndrome and malformations. Find out what tests should be done before pregnancy to identify genetic diseases.
The postponement of pregnancy is a common choice among today’s women. The quest for job stability or a stable relationship are some of the issues that lead women to have children around the age of 35. According to experts, this late decision deserves a warning.
SEE BELOW LIST OF TESTS
“From this age on, a woman leads a more stressful and sedentary life, her body has a greater accumulation of fat and the eggs begin to grow old.The combination of these factors results in a difficulty in becoming pregnant and increases the chances of miscarriage and the baby develops malformation or genetic alteration, such as Down’s Syndrome, in addition to cardiac and cerebral complications“Explains Domingos Mantelli, an obstetrician and gynecologist.
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During pregnancy, a woman aged 35 still at risk of developing gestational diabetes or hypertension, which can lead to pre-eclampsia .” Those who are overweight should be on diet and physical activity before becoming pregnant. Weight variation during pregnancy is that it carries a risk to a woman’s health, which can develop diabetes and high blood pressure. Age is also a factor that favors preeclampsia. The older it is, the slower your blood pressure control mechanism, “says obstetrician and gynecologist Rachel Fleet.
Experts have, however, thatall of these risk factors can be bypassed if the woman prepares herself beforehand and performs an antenatal care with medical care . The gynecologist Rachel Frota lists, below, the exams and the health care that the future mother must do before becoming pregnant .
After the results of the tests (above) performed, the couple who presents some risk of having a baby with syndrome or malformation can still perform two other procedures, genetic counseling and in vitro fertilization. According to gynecologist Rachel Frota, these procedures are expensive and should be done with medical advice.
Made by a geneticist,is indicated for couples who have a family history of genetic alterations, repetitive loss of pregnancy, late miscarriage (when the baby is 20 weeks or older), history of hearing loss or blindness in the family , among others. “The geneticist makes a study of all this information and tells what the percentage of the baby to develop some disease or malformation,” says Rachel Fleet.
In vitro fertilization
If the risk identified in the genetic counseling examination is large, parents still have the option of in vitro fertilization to analyze the chromosomal health of the embryo. “A physician who specializes in human reproduction performs the Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) or Comparative Genomic Hybridization (CGH), in which he analyzes the health of the embryo to identify if there is any chromosomal alteration causing syndromes, such as Down’s syndrome and of Edward, “explains the gynecologist.